The Green Heart of Cork

Forests landowners formed an association, the APFCertifica (APFC) Group Scheme, adopting sustainable forest management practices in order to receive Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification. The landowners committed to maintain good forest management practices within the 16.000 ha FSC certified areas. FSC certification places a strong focus in criteria related to biodiversity conservation and watershed protection. Approximately 600 hectares (ha) were considered to be of critical importance for biodiversity and water recharge of the aquifer T3 and therefore were considered High Conservation Value Areas (HCVAs).

WWF PES Cork & Coke.jpg : 60.7958984375KbCoca-Cola Portugal – Refrige, a beverage factory, located over the Tagus Aquifer (T3) consumes 500.000m3/year of groundwater in this HCVA. As a beneficiary of the collaboration, Coca-Cola paid 17€/ha to the APFC forest landowners, in the 600ha identified and classified as HCV, located in sensitive areas for water recharge of aquifer T3 and certified by FSC.

The project used the HABEaS WebGIS to gather information on HCVAs in the target area. This tool makes information on biodiversity (e.g. protected areas, threatened species, endemic species, etc) and ecosystem services carbon storage, location of main aquifers and recharge rates) publically available.

Hear Miguel Bugalho talking about PES and Conserving the Cork Oak Savanna on Beyond the Frontier – a podcast service produced by the ESA Journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Further information:WWF HABeS report_150.jpg : 65.560546875Kb

Miguel N Bugalho, Maria C Caldeira, João S Pereira, James Aronson, and Juli G Pausas. 2011. Mediterranean cork oak savannas require human use to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 278–286. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/100084


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