Payments for Environmental Services

27 November 2012

The ThinkForest Seminar on Payments for Environmental Services: a Way Forward for Mediterranean Forests? was held on 27 November 2012 at 16.00-18.30 in the European Parliament, Brussels.

Mediterranean forests and woodlan thinkforest_poster_200_2.jpg : 119Kb ds, which cover 73M ha, are the main ecological infrastructure in the region, as they provide valuable ecosystem services, relevant for the most strategic resources of the region to sustain life: water, soil and biodiversity.

However, the sustainable provision of forest goods and services is seriously threatened by drastic and rapid climate and land use changes. The challenge is to find ways to finance adaptive forest management strategies, given the low profitability of traditional forestry. Payments for environmental services (PES) are increasingly acknowledged on the policy arena as an approach to recognize the value of ecosystem services and to generate financing for effective ecosystem management.

The objectives of the event were to:                                                            

  1. Discuss the specific economic nature of Mediterraneanforests and their goods and services.
  2. Present the latest scientific knowledge on payments for environmental services and their practical implementation in the Mediterranean region.
  3. Discuss the potential of PES to address specific problems of Mediterranean forests (e.g. forest fires, deforestation).
  4. Present and discuss the requirements for the establishment of PES in diverse institutional conditions reigning in the Mediterranean region (e.g. public and private forests).
  5. Contribute to the FOREST EUROPE Work Programme on actions for the valuation of the full range of forest ecocystem services.

Further information

  • A detailed programme of the event is available here


PES in the Mediterranean region and in the world: examples and potentials
Dr. Robert Mavsar, EFIMED

The role of public authorities in PES implementation: the Italian experience
Prof. Dr. Davide Pettenella, University of Padova

Design and implementation caveats of PES for private and public forests
Dr. Irina Prokofieva, Forest Sciences Center of Catalonia

PES in the context of the CAP and the new EU Forest Strategy
Ms. María Gafo, European Commission, DG Agriculture and Rural Development

PES in cork oak landscapes: a Portuguese initiative
Mr. Miguel Bugalho, WWF MedPo and Technical University of Lisbon

PES issues in the context of the Greek Mediterranean Forests
Dr. Gavriil Xanthopoulos, Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems and Forest Products Technology

Contact: Dr. Marc Palahí, marc.palahi(at)
Ms. Ulla Vänttinen, ulla.vanttinen(at)
Ms. Sarah Adams sarah.adams(at)