Forest owners and managers are on the frontline of adapting forest management to climate change. Their decisions are affected by their own knowledge and beliefs and the mapping of management options for the current as well as anticipated future environmental and socioeconomic conditions. This baseline knowledge influences the way forest owners and managers evaluate and make their decisions.
Climate change will impact forests and may impair their ability to provide essential ecosystem services in the decades to come. Addressing this challenge requires adjustments to forest management strategies as of now, but it is still unclear to what extent this is already in progress.
Wood is a very versatile raw material and thus an important resource for many industries, such as construction, furniture, pulp and paper, bioenergy and biorefineries (new chemical products). Using wood is one of the safest ways to reduce the CO2 emissions that are the main cause of climate change.
In a context of highly fragmented woodland's ownership, joint forest management implies a reduction of transaction costs for its members and improves the coherence of forestry actions at the landscape scale.
Reforestation with multiple tree species is a promoted strategy to mitigate global change and to improve forest resistance against natural hazards. Dryland reforestation often fails because seedlings suffer from harsh conditions in degraded areas.
The bioeconomy has mobilised significant investments in technology, research and innovation. New and innovative bio-products and related services have emerged, and related niche markets show dynamic growth. The future of the bioeconomy, however, raises questions relating to its development potential, but also its sustainability.
A team of researchers from EFI and five of its member organisations has published a paper looking at the potential climate change mitigation effects of EU forests. European forests and the forest-based sector are already contributing significantly to climate change mitigation and substitution for fossil raw materials.
Small forest patches embedded in agricultural (and peri-urban) landscapes in Western Europe play a key role for biodiversity conservation with a recognised capacity of delivering a wide suite of ecosystem services. Measures aimed to preserve these patches should be both socially desirable and ecologically effective.
In the autumn of 2015, EFI’s Project Centre MOUNTFOR (Preserving and Enhancing the Multifunctionality of Mountain Forests) organised the 30th session of the European Forestry Commission Working Party on the Management of Mountain Watersheds.
Catastrophic forest fires claimed lives this summer across the world, from California to Portugal and Spain. The Mediterranean basin is a global wildfire hotspot and the threat of wildfires to forests and society is expected to increase with climate change.
The increasing diversity of non-industrial private forest owners (PFOs) in Europe has been recognized by policy makers and the forestry sector at large. Typologies of these owners have been developed to provide an understanding of the diversity of owners' attitudes, values, beliefs, management objectives and behaviour.
Forests are of crucial importance for Natura 2000, the EU-wide ecological network of protected areas. Nearly 25% of the total forest area in the EU is part of the network, but knowledge about how Natura 2000 is implemented in forests, and its effects on biodiversity, forest management and other land uses across the EU is fragmented.
A green, circular, bio-based economy could replace the current linear fossil fuel-based economic system that has underpinned the development of the past 200 years. In this new paradigm, forests and forest management have an important role to play.
Many excellent results are obtained in agricultural and forestry research projects, but their practical adoption is often limited. The aim of the European project VALERIE is to increase the transfer and application of innovations produced by research in agriculture and forestry, by facilitating their integration into management practices.
A team of researchers from EFI, the University of Eastern Finland and the Lithuanian Forest Research institute has published a paper looking at whether the intensified use of wood can be combined with climate change mitigation measures to increase carbon sinks in the forest-based sector in Lithuania, and what are the possible socio-economic and
In the EU, the construction sector employs currently more than 12 million people and accounts for 42% of the total energy consumption as well as 35% of the total greenhouse gas emissions, when considering the whole lifecycle of buildings.
Successive afforestation programmes undertaken in Tunisia have doubled the forest surface area in the last 50 years. A choice experiment exercise was used to estimate the social welfare associated with a plantation programme in Tunisia. The application dealt with different environmental services, and access of local users to the forest.
Wild mushroom picking is a growing recreational and commercial activity. In Spain, wild mushrooms legally belong to the landowner, who seldom benefits from trade in mushrooms or from their recreational value.