In the last two decades, attention on forests and ownership rights has increased in different domains of international policy, particularly in relation to achieving the global sustainable development goals. This paper looks at the changes in forest-specific legislation applicable to regular productive forests, across 28 European countries.
Governing land use to achieve sustainable outcomes is challenging, because land systems manifest complex land use spillovers - i.e. processes by which land use changes or direct interventions in land use (e.g., policy, program, new technologies) in one place have impacts on land use in another place.
Local projects for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) were frequently designed as pilot actions to inform future upscaled initiatives. Drawing lessons from these project experiences may thus help improve the design of jurisdictional programs, which is the focus of REDD+ implementation in the Paris Agreement.
This paper presents an operational framework which was designed to support the early governance of social innovation actions. This framework was applied to co-construct seven innovation actions across Europe and the Mediterranean basin applied to forestry, agriculture, and rural development.
This conference compiles and synthesizes scientific evidence relating to the current state of “integrated” forest management approaches. We have gathered all the abstracts from the conference into this digital book. Governing and managing forests for multiple ecosystem services has since a long time been an important paradigm.
Responding to a number of longstanding challenges such as poverty, wide-ranging inequalities, environmental problems, and migration, requires new and creative responses that are often not provided by traditional governments.
The political and economic transformations that have taken place since the early nineties in the former socialist countries in Europe have significantly influenced reforms of their forestry institutions.
Over the last decade, the term social innovation has received increased attention as a potential solution to address complex global social problems and to add collective values to society. The forest sector has great potential for fostering employment, community development and reducing increased emigration from rural to urban areas.
The aim of this article is to investigate whether agroforestry, the practice of integrating woody vegetation and agricultural crops and/or livestock, could be a management tool to reduce wildfires in European Mediterranean countries.
This study developed an analytical definition of forest-based bioeconomy, grounded on input from European forestry and bioeconomy capacity mapping exercises from five projects and with participation of five experts from different backgrounds
Biodiversity Offsets (BO) and Payments for Environmental Services (PES) are sometimes used interchangeably to characterise innovative economic tools to conserve or restore biodiversity, ecosystems, or their services. The authors assume that a confusion between PES and BO can have negative implications for biodiversity conservation.
In this article, the authors estimated the effects of Peru’s oldest watershed payments for environmental services (PES) initiative in Moyobamba (Andes–Amazon transition zone) and disentangle the complex intervention into its two main forest conservation treatments.
Non-wood forest products (NWFPs) have often-underestimated economic potential, particularly for family forest owners. Their role and value, however, is changing in the global West and so are the business opportunities and innovation needs associated with them.
Although nature protection has recently gained significant importance in German state-owned forests, there is still a controversy between forest management and nature conservationists about the implications of these changes.
Forest research in the Mediterranean region is handicapped by its fragmentation, its limited means, and occasional outdating and isolation. In addition, the low benefits that Mediterranean forests provide to forest-based industries - compared to other European forests - make it difficult to attract interest and funds from the private sector.
Over the last decade, the term social innovation has received increasing attention as a means to address complex global social problems and to add collective values. In earlier innovation research, the term “institutional innovation” was introduced to denote institutional efforts and the role of institutions in successful innovations.
Very recently, social innovation has become a subject of investigation in forest research. Earlier on, social innovation turned into a term used in EU policy strategies for addressing social issues and the self-empowerment of local people, as well as for tackling economic, social, or environmental challenges.